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Classification of Resources

Classification of Resources


We can classify the resources in the following ways:
i.Biotic and abiotic: this is based on origin.
ii.Renewable and non-renewable: based on exhaustibility.
iii.Individual, community, national and international: on the basis of ownership.
iv.Potential, developed stock and reserves: based on the status of development.

Let us now discuss the types of resources in detail:

i.On the basis of origin:
On the basis of origin we can classify resources as biotic and abiotic resources.

a.Biotic resources: these resources are obtained from biosphere and they have a life such as human beings, flora and fauna, fisheries, livestock etc.


b.Abiotic resourcs: it includes all those things which are composed of non-living things like rocks and metals.


ii.On the basis of exhaustability:

a.Renewable resources: the resources which can be renewed and reproduced by physical, chemical or mechanical processes are known as renewable or replenishable resources. Examples of such resources are solar and wind energy, water, forests and wildlife, etc. we can further divide into continuous or flow and biological.

b.Non-renewable resources: this process takes place over a long geological time. Examples of such resources are minerals and fossil fuels. This may take millions of years in their formation. Some of the resources like metals are recyclable and some like fossils fuels cannot be recycled and as such they get exhausted with their use.

iii.On the basis of ownership:

a.Individual resources: these are owned by individuals privately. Like land owned by a farmer allotted to them by government against the payment of revenue. Urban people own plots, houses and other property. Some other examples include plantation, pasture lands, ponds, water in wells etc.

b.Community owned resources: these include resources that are accessible to all the members of the community like the village grazing grounds, burial grounds, village ponds, public parks, picnic spots, playgrounds in urban areas are accessible to all the people living there.

c.National resources: technically speaking all the resources belong to the nation because the country has legal powers to acquire even private property for public good. This we may have seen many times when government take fields owned by private individuals to construct roads, canals, railways. All minerals, water resources, forests, wildlife, land within the political boundaries and oceanic area upto 12 nautical miles from the coast termed as territorial water and resources therein belong to the nation.

d.International resources: there are also international resources regulating resources. The oceanic resources beyond 200km of the Exclusive Economic Zone belong to open ocean and no individual country can utilize these without the consensus of international institutions.

iv.On the basis of the status of development:

a.Potential resources: resources which have not been put to use but are found in a region are called potential resources. Like the western parts of India more specifically Rajasthan and Gujarat have huge potential for the development of wind and solar energy. But these have not been developed properly so far.

b.Developed resources: it includes resources which are surveyed and their quality and quantity have been determined for utilization. The development of resources however depends on technology and level of their feasibility.

c.Stock: the materials in the environment which have the potential to satisfy human needs but human beings do not have the appropriate technology to access these, are included among stock. Water for example is a compound of two inflammable gases; hydrogen and oxygen which can be used as a source of energy. But we do not know how to use them for this purpose. Therefore it is considered as stock.

d.Reserves: they are the subset of stock which are used with the help of existing technical knowledge. Reserves can be used for meeting future requirements. For example water in lakes, dams, forests etc is a reserve which can be used in the future.

15 Responses to “Classification of Resources”

  1. easily understandable…………. so vry helpful……

    • great matter……………………………..

      • got 55/1 set i admit i am not gud at memorising the thgins but still the paper was completely unexpected the topics which i listed in the most important list were not seen all that LENS MAKERS, TELESCOPE, MICROSCOPE,INTERFERENCE, DIFFRACTION, DOUBLE SLIT,CYCLOTRON, GALVANOMETER, LOS COMMUNICATION, DIPOLE (AXIAL,EQUITORIAL),EM SPECTRUM, KIRCHOFFS, TRANSFORMER, P-N JUNCTION,VAN DE GRAPH GENERATER, ETC ETC ETC there was not even a trace of any of these i really have no idea about my result every thing’s gone..:(curse the person who set the paper it was meant for THE SUPER GENIUS students atleast not for just GOOD students

  2. very nice and easily understandable…….thank u very much.

    • e2809d but i say that your preparation for the exam was not good. as 55 marks was all dricet questions. the fellows who got 2 set are lucky than the people who got 1 and i can say that easily one can score above 82marks easily if one is through in all derivations given in test book .e2809d I havene28099t seen the other sets but I done28099t believe there could have been too much of a difference in difficulty. And how can one score 82 that too e28098easilye28099 if the paper was set just for 70? e2809cso guys done28099t worry and prepare well for chemistry . as chemistry paper will be TOUGH then PHYSICS.e2809d Oh, thate28099s a consolation, alright!!

  3. good composition

  4. AWSOMEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • I talked to a few bihrgt students, all were very upset after the physics exam.A lot of students were found weeping and crying.CBSE need to consider a liberal evaluation this year as the distribution of questions were not followed to support the average students rather it was testing the toppers in a qualifying exam like class XII.This is unfair , the examiner need to have the common sense to understand distribution level of students.If CBSE does not revisit this injustice, no one will enrol for CBSE schools, will go to state schools instead, where the required level of hardship is much less and can spend more time for entrance test practice.I would say the physics guy did not do justice to hard working students, probably he tried to test the bihrgt students.

  5. really can you please tell me how to get on with it

  6. very useful

  7. very useful & awesomeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee.!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  8. i like that!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  9. It was useful 2 me

  10. nice one……………

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